Nature has been the biggest friend of human and have been protecting and preserving them from pre historic era. It is nature who provided food and shelter to humans from the stone age as history tells us the way human civilization has progressed. It is plants that give us such a variety of food and fodder human and animals eat such as fruits, vegetables, grains, dal and rice. The lists of different types of foods grown from plants are endless and so the need of growing them on a large scale to support the ever growing population is important and most of the developed and developing countries have taken this activity as a priority.
Agriculture being the most important need of human and so Farming methods are also fast changing and new methods and techniques have been constantly being evolved with the help of technology and scientific methods not only to increase production but also to ensure the quality of the yield. Traditional farming methods have undergone complete transformation and modern methods have been constantly changing to ensure better and bulk production. As science progresses, the view point of humans change and farmers tend to adopt newer method and process of farming.

Farming techniques have been constantly changing and people tend to grow multiple crops instead of a single crop so that the soil of the land becomes more productive and the yield per hectare also is increased. The modern farming method starts off with the testing of the soil to understand the ingredients of the soil and the crop production it would support. There are different soil testing laboratories setup by the government to examine the soil contents and the service is provided free of charge. There are research centers and agricultural universities who conduct studies and publish papers on various areas related to agriculture production and the same is shared with farmers through community centers in villages.
The second important factor of farming is the availability of water which can be rainwater or water preserved through wells, springs and tube wells. The type of crops grown in areas where rainfall is more will be different from areas where there is less rainfall. There are also different ways of preserving water and the same can be made available to the crop through drip irrigation or pipelines so that crops get enough water during the growth period. The crops grown in the areas where rainfall is less is different since they adjust to the environment and can grow in the limited amount of water.

The next important part of farming methods is the availability of proper manures which are necessary for the growth of the plants. Traditionally cow dung was used as a very good manure component but with the advent of science, lots of new synthetic fertilizers have been developed to increase the yield of the land. As the name goes, a synthetic fertilizer also comes with their adverse effects for which farmers tend to stick to organic manures for improving the productivity of the land. Agricultural experts also suggest not using synthetic pesticides to save the crop from different diseases that may destroy the crop totally. They even suggest the use of alternate crops to grow on the same land so that the mineral and other ingredients do not get eroded away from the land by growing the same crop every year. The experts also suggest growing of weeds in between the crops so that the weeds do not allow parasites to eat away the crop. There is even suggestion of ways to attract bugs that feed on parasites which destroy the crops. This helps to protect the crops from being destroyed.

There is a common farming method termed as Methodist farming where the bible narrates the fruitfulness of bringing back the richness of the soil by training farmers to grow crops that will bring back those minerals which was utilized in creation of the previous crop. This type of knowledge given to the farmers nourishes the soil back to its original richness and provide better and more yield of the same crop. This is generally called the preservation of the mineral erosion of the soil and if followed methodically will give more yield, variety of crops from the same land, without harming the balance of minerals in the soil.

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